Millions of people suffer from occupational diseases and accidents every year. These complications cause great suffering to the employees and reduce productivity in the workplace. Therefore, employers are advised to implement preventive strategies that will eradicate occupational diseases and bar accidents from occurring. Cultivation of office culture and enhancing productivity are two factors that complement one another.
Types of work-related diseases and their causes
Many employees suffer from an illness they believe they contracted due to the nature of work they do. These infections are rampant in unsafe working environments that lack prompt response to the emergence and other safe practices.
Currently, back pain is the most common reason for employees’ absenteeism across the globe. It is usually caused by situations such as the lifting of heavy equipment, manual labor, uncomfortable chairs, extensive driving as well as extensive driving. If your employees are lifting heavy items, teach them the proper way to do so.
These complications affect the joints, tendons, muscles, cartilages, and other connective tissues. The disorders comprise of both pain at the back and upper limb. Long working hours with no breaks, and manual handling such as lifting, pushing, or carrying heavy items, usually causes the musculoskeletal complications. Additionally, they can be caused by repetitive movements.
How employers can deal with work-related diseases
Employers can advise employees to report instances of suffering from the disease at an early stage. They should proceed to encourage them to seek medical attention at an early stage. Employers can sponsor the works to attend seminars, workshops, and conferences that enlighten them on the strategies of creating a healthy workplace.
Back pain can be eliminated by implementing a structured work program that provides an opportunity for the workers to rest. Companies or businesses that handle heavy items should be equipped with suitable machines to make the pulling or carrying easier, without forcing workers to use their energy.
The employers should identify risky activities in the workplace. In addition, they should ensure employees are trained in safe practices and how to operate sophisticated machines. Employers should comply with the set regulations.
Risk assessment entails evaluating work activities, identifying things that could cause accidents, and implementing effective control strategies. Employers are supposed to review the risk assessment reports occasionally and keep them updated.
Various laws recommend implementation of preventive strategies in the workplace to protect workers from occupational accidents. The hierarchy of prevention consists of five steps.
• Hazards identification and removal
• Substitution of hazards with ones that attracts lower risks
• Application of physical control to deal with hazards
• Adherence to regulations of the state
• Personal Protective Equipment- commonly used when all other preventive strategies have failed.